Nonwoven fabrics are materials that are made from staple fiber and long fibers. This fabric is bonded chemically and mechanically together. It goes through treat and solvent treatment to create a better bond. These fabrics are neither woven nor knitted; hence, they are known as non-woven fabric in the textile industry.
Advantages Of Non-Woven Fabric
The non-woven fabrics have various characteristics, due to which it is widely used in almost every region of the world. The usage of non-woven products is highly expanding due to their various properties. It is mainly used in durable consumer goods, disposables, and industrial materials. Due to its different form it doesn’t require spinning weaving fabric but the textile fiber for directional or random support.
Due to its fiber network structure and the mechanical, thermal, or chemical methods, it is of higher strength. Non Woven Fabric breaks the traditional textile principle and has characteristics of short process flow, faster production, high yield, and lower cost. The usage of the material is highly growing due to its advantages.
The Non Woven Fabric are lightweight compared to other fabrics due to raw material polypropylene resin; its proportion is 0.9, and three-fifths of cotton. Due to this, it is preferred over other fabric materials, especially for industrial usage.
The fabric is made up of (2-3D) through the light point hot melt bonding method. Therefore, the finished product gives a soft and comfortable feel.
The fabric is made from food-grade raw materials which are conforming to the FDA, without the presence of other chemical components. Hence, it is concluded as a non-toxic product.
Due to its non-toxic nature, it also possesses non-irritable properties with stable performance.
The fabric is known for its water-extractable property and is mildew-free. It can isolate the bacteria present and also worms in the liquid. Hence, it has antimicrobial properties.
- Drainage Activity
The water content in Polypropylene chips is completely zero. It does not absorb water, and the water transfer of the finished products is good. It is composed of 100% fibers with porous and air permeability. Hence, the cloth surface can be kept dry and further easily washed.
- Antibacterial and Anti-chemical Property
The chemical compound polypropylene is the passive chemical substance; it does not contain moths and has the ability for bacteria and insect isolation in the liquid. Antibacterial, alkali corrosion, and finished products, due to good strength, do not affect.
- Physical Properties
The direct spin makes the non-woven fabric of polypropylene into a net with the help of the thermal bonding method. Its strength is far better in comparison to other ordinary staple fibers. It doesn’t have directionality, and the longitudinal and transverse strengths are similar.
- Environment Friendly
The raw material polypropylene is the major content of Non Woven Fabric. In comparison to polyethylene which is the raw material of plastic bags, it can degrade easily because of the difference in their chemical structures. The chemical molecular structure of polyethylene is stable and cannot be degraded easily; hence it takes more than 300 years for plastic bags to decompose.
But the chemical structure of polypropylene is not very strong, and its molecular chain can be broken easily; hence it can be degraded. The non-toxic property of the fiber is merciful to the environment. The shopping bags can be decomposed in limited days or months. Moreover, non-woven bags can be recycled and reused more than 10 times. It doesn’t affect the environment and is also known as a pollution-free material.
The innovations and advancements of these fabrics are rapidly growing due to their demand. The industrial verticals are highly preferring non-woven fabrics due to the good absorbency, breathable, low price, etc.