Non woven fabrics are flat and penetrable sheets that are prepared from distinctive fibers or plastic films. They do not require interweaving of yarn to establish cohesion as the fibers are entangled either mechanically, chemically or thermally. A non woven fabric may be a one-time application fiber or a highly durable fiber. 

One of the unique features of non woven fabrics is that they lack a definite geometrical structure which adds to their flexibility. These materials are known to be the king in the textile industry because of their versatile nature. The unique fabric is used in diverse settings like commercial, fashion, household and healthcare. 

Advantages of non woven fabric

The key features of non woven fabric relating to filtration, absorption, and porus nature have increased its popularity over the years. Using these fabric materials is considered to be highly beneficial since they can perform specific functions. Some of the chief advantages of using non woven fabrics are listed below:

Soft quality of the fabric

Non woven fabric is known for its high softness. As it is made up of fine fibers, the finished product that is created is soft and comfortable. This feature makes it a widely-used fabric in the fashion domain. Some of the specific types of nonwoven fabrics, such as spunlace fabric, are so gentle to the skin that they have high utility in skin care products like facial masks and wet wipes. The materials that are used in the preparation of non woven fabrics are instrumental in ensuring their softness.

Breathable quality  

One of the main highlights of non woven fabric is the high breathability. The porous nature of the fiber enhances the circulation of air. This makes it easy to wash and dry the fabric in no time. The fabrics that are made of Polyethylene film (PE), as well as Polypropylene, spun bonds are known to allow air to pass, which enhances the comfort level. The high breathability of the fabric enhances its applicability as it can be commonly used for making gloves, aprons, and caps. Furthermore, the water-repellant nature of the fiber can be kept dry and free from unnecessary moisture content. 

Acts as a vital bacterial barrier

The presence of bacteria is regarded to be one of the major issues while using fabrics. However, while using non woven fabric, there is no risk of the presence of bacterial agents. Polypropylene, which is used for making the fabric, is known to be a chemically passive material. This feature eliminates the possibility of attack by bacteria or insects. As the fabric is immune to such harmful elements, its strength is not compromised in any way. The non-moldy and water-removing attributes of the fiber enhance its safety and make it a useful material that is used in hospitals.

Robust physical properties

One of the key highlights of any fiber relates to its innate properties. The property of a non woven fabric is what makes it versatile and unique in its own rights. As the fabric is made by entangling filaments or fiber, it is much stronger as compared to other standard staple fibers. The strength of the fiber is non-directional in nature, implying that the strength is similar in both horizontal and vertical directions. 

Sustainability dimension

A vital advantage of using non woven fabric is related to the sustainable and eco-friendly nature of the material. For most non woven fabrics, the raw material that is utilized is Polypropylene. As the chemical structure of the substance is not very stable, it can easily be decomposed and degenerated. So even if the fabric is used in abundance, it can enter the next stage of the environmental cycle without giving rise to any toxic implications. A shopping bag that is made using non woven fabric can be entirely composed within three months without adversely affecting the environment.  

The application of non woven fabrics has been surging in recent times owing to their unique properties. As the material has a high degree of flexibility, it can be used for diverse purposes. The ability to provide specified functions enhances the value as well as the significance of the materials. The application of non woven fabrics has opened up a new world of innovation that is yet to be unexplored in its entirety. By fusing the unique attributes of the fabrics, their distinctiveness and value addition expands multifold for varying users.

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