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The Glossary

Glossary of Nonwoven Terms

For more extensive definitions and information, please see the INDA and EDANA glossaries, located at the end of this page.

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ABSORPTION

The ability of a fabric to take in moisture – a very important property, which affects many other characteristics such as skin comfort, static build–up, shrinkage, water repellency and wrinkle recovery.

References for this information:

Clothing Biosensory Engineering, 2006, Pages 218-234 Advanced in Knitting Technology, 2011, Pages 287-308 Woven Terry Fabrics, 2017, Pages 19-28 High-Performance Apparel, 2018, Pages 7-32

Categories: Gases, Liquids, Miscellaneous
ADSORPTION

The process by which a gas or liquid is taken up by the surface of a material. An adsorbent nonwoven wicks and holds the gas or liquid between the fibers.

References for this information:

Edana

Categories: Gases, Liquids, Miscellaneous
ASHRAE

The acronym for American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers. Most air and liquid filter manufacturers in the United States use the ASHRAE test methods.

References for this information:

Inda

Categories: Liquids, Miscellaneous, Organizations
COATING

Application of a liquid or powder to one or both surfaces of a fabric, which is followed by drying and winding.

References for this information:

Inda Edana

Categories: Coatings, Liquids